Curriculum Reference Resources
Python releases downloads
Python for Beginners Guide
Python Wiki Beginners Guide
The core of extensible programming is defining functions. Python allows mandatory and optional arguments, keyword arguments, and even arbitrary argument lists. More about defining functions in Python 3
# Python 3: Fibonacci series up to n >>> def fib(n): >>> a, b = 0, 1 >>> while a < n: >>> print(a, end=' ') >>> a, b = b, a+b >>> print() >>> fib(1000) 0 1 1 2 3 5 8 13 21 34 55 89 144 233 377 610 987
Compound Data Types
Lists (known as arrays in other languages) are one of the compound data types that Python understands. Lists can be indexed, sliced and manipulated with other built-in functions. More about lists in Python 3
# Python 3: List comprehensions >>> fruits = ['Banana', 'Apple', 'Lime'] >>> loud_fruits = [fruit.upper() for fruit in fruits] >>> print(loud_fruits) ['BANANA', 'APPLE', 'LIME'] # List and the enumerate function >>> list(enumerate(fruits)) [(0, 'Banana'), (1, 'Apple'), (2, 'Lime')]
Calculations are simple with Python, and expression syntax is straightforward: the operators
/ work as expected; parentheses
() can be used for grouping. More about simple math functions in Python 3.
# Python 3: Simple arithmetic >>> 1 / 2 0.5 >>> 2 ** 3 8 >>> 17 / 3 # classic division returns a float 5.666666666666667 >>> 17 // 3 # floor division 5
Quick & Easy to Learn
Experienced programmers in any other language can pick up Python very quickly, and beginners find the clean syntax and indentation structure easy to learn. Whet your appetite with our Python 3 overview.
# Python 3: Simple output (with Unicode) >>> print("Hello, I'm Python!") Hello, I'm Python! # Input, assignment >>> name = input('What is your name?n') >>> print('Hi, %s.' % name) What is your name? Python Hi, Python.
All the Flow You’d Expect
Python knows the usual control flow statements that other languages speak —
range — with some of its own twists, of course. More control flow tools in Python 3
# For loop on a list >>> numbers = [2, 4, 6, 8] >>> product = 1 >>> for number in numbers: ... product = product * number ... >>> print('The product is:', product) The product is: 384